What is Vasectomy?
Vasectomy is a procedure for permanent sterilization of men. It is done under local anesthesia (numbing) as an out-patient.
How is it performed?
The procedure is typically performed in the office, out-patient surgical center or hospital. It is done with local anesthesia. During the course of the procedure, the skin of the scrotum is cleaned, numbing medication is injected with a small needle. Once anesthetic is used, no further pain is expected. It is common to feel surgeon's touch, but pain is prevented by a numbing medication. Using a tiny incision of the skin, the vas deference (the tube that carries the sperm from the testicle towards the prostate) is divided in sealed with clips and heat. The incision is closed with a dissolvable suture.
1. Permanent sterility (inability to cause pregnancy) does not occur immediately following vasectomy. It takes on average 3 months to "clear the pipes" of the old sperms. It is important to continue to use the preferred birth control method until 2 semen analyses in 2 and 3 months after the procedure show no sperm. The doctor will inform you when it is safe to stop using birth control.
2. You may eat food and drink fluids normally prior to the procedure - no need to fast.
3. Do not perform heavy lifting or engage in sexual activity at least for 3-4 days following the procedure. Wait for pain to resolve before resuming full physical activity.
3. Report excessive bleeding, swelling, pain, drainage of fevers immediately to the doctor.